What is a bunion?

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
A VPN is an essential component of IT security, whether you’re just starting a business or are already up and running. Most business interactions and transactions happen online and VPN
Bunion

The medical term for a bunion is hallux abducto valgus.
Bunions are the “bump” on the joint at the base of the big toe—the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint—that forms when the bone at the big toe joint moves out of place. The toe is forced to bend toward the others, causing an often painful lump on the foot. Because this joint carries a lot of the body’s weight, bunions can cause extreme pain if left untreated and make wearing shoes difficult or impossible.

Bunionectomy

Other types of bunions

Tailors bunion: Also called a bunionette, occurs when the fifth metatarsal bone (smallest toe) starts to expand outward, forming a bony growth near the little toe.

Adolescent bunion: Teenagers may develop a bunion at the base of their big toe. This bunion may cause pain and can get worse over time without treatment.

Causes

Bunions form when the normal balance of forces that is exerted on the joints and tendons of the foot becomes disrupted.

Bunions are brought about by years of abnormal motion and pressure over the joint. They are, therefore, a symptom of faulty foot development and are usually caused by the way we walk and our inherited foot type.

Although bunions tend to run in families, it is the foot type that is passed down—not the bunion. Parents who suffer from poor foot mechanics can pass their problematic foot type on to their children, who in turn are prone to developing bunions.
The abnormal functioning caused by this faulty foot development can lead to pressure being exerted on and within the foot, often resulting in bone and joint deformities such as bunions and hammertoes.

Other causes of bunions are foot injuries, neuromuscular disorders, or congenital deformities. People who suffer from flat feet or low arches are also prone to developing these problems, as are arthritic patients and those with inflammatory joint disease. Occupations that place undue stress on the feet are also a factor; ballet dancers, for instance, often develop the condition.

Wearing shoes that are too tight or cause the toes to be squeezed together may explain the high prevalence of the disorder among women.

Bunion Symptoms

  • Development of a swelling, callus or firm bump on the outside edge of the foot, at the base of the big toe
  • Redness, swelling, or pain at or near the big toe joint
  • Development of calluses under the ball of the foot
  • Restricted or painful motion of the big toe

Bunion Treatment

If left untreated, bunions can become very painful.  The big toe joint helps bear and distribute bodyweight while standing.
Bunions can seriously affect the foot’s ability to function properly.

To treat bunions, your healthcare provider will begin with conservative methods designed to relieve pressure and restore function.

Conservative approaches like these are designed to:
– Limit the progression of the bunion
– Relieve pain
– Provide a healthy environment for the foot.

The most common conservative approaches to alleviating bunions include:

  • Shoe choice Choose shoes with:
    • Wide insteps
    • Broad toe box
    • Soft soles
  • Avoid:
    • Shoes that are narrow or sharply pointed. 
  • Custom orthotics: In order to relieve pressure from the affected areas. Custom inserts are often needed after bunion surgery as well.
  • Forefoot products: Products like a bunion shield or bunion bandages 

In more serious cases, bunion surgery may be recommended – Visit a physician or a Podiatrist to consult.  

Dr. Kenya Lazovik

Dr. Kenya Lazovik

Dr. Lazovik strives to provide high-quality care to her patients at Cliffside Park Foot and Ankle Center. She is trained to address a wide range of medical issues such as bunions, arthritis, heel pain, sports medicine, flat foot, diabetic foot care, and wound care. Her office is outfitted with digital x-ray and lasers used in the treatment of fungal nails and various soft tissue injuries as well as an affiliation with a state-of-the-art custom orthotics lab.

Leave a Replay

About Dr. Lazovik, DPM

Dr. Kenya Lazovik received her doctoral degree in podiatric medicine from the New York College of Podiatric Medicine and completed a podiatric residency training at St. John’s Episcopal Hospital in Queens. She is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, the American Podiatric Medical Association, and the New Jersey Podiatry Medical Society. She is double board certified by ABFAS for Foot & Ankle surgery and by ABMSP for Diabetic Foot Care.

See what our patients are saying about us:

Anne Christensen
Anne Christensen
01:57 16 Nov 19
Dr. Lazovik is an excellent practitioner and very knowledgeable about the latest advances in care. For the last few months I have appreciated her ability to clearly and warmly cover all the questions I ask of her. I would highly recommend her practice to anyone in need of foot or ankle care.read more
anna kubasek
anna kubasek
14:50 14 Nov 19
This place is great! I love the staff they are very pleasant. Appoitment in take is always on time which is very important to me. The doctors are always always gentle and looking for the best solution.read more
Afsha Sheikh
Afsha Sheikh
18:24 11 Nov 19
Dr. Lazovik is a great doctor! I have been coming to this office for Dr.Mano since I was a child and will choose no other doctor for my podiatry needs. Dr. Lazovik was very intuitive and explained all the possible issues I could have. When we didn’t find an exact issue through an X-ray she recommended a specific test with a neurologist which was a next step my primary doctor didn’t even suggest.read more
Brian DeLeon
Brian DeLeon
15:25 04 Nov 19
Straight forward, super kind and professional. I was in and out, fixed up and educated with a few pointers for other issues. 2nd time here and it won't be the last if I need anything else. Highly recommend.read more
Andy Martell
Andy Martell
17:47 30 Oct 19
Dr. Lazovik is a wonderful doctor! She was extremely personable and really spent the time to educate me about my condition. She was much more thorough than my primary care doctor or my endocrinologist. I highly recommend her!read more
Avi W
Avi W
12:32 29 Oct 19
Dr. Lazovik and her staff are amazing!!! She is an extremely knowledgeable physician and really took the time to explain the cause of my problem and laid out the course of treatment. She is warm and caring. You can tell she is passionate about what she does!!! I recommend her to all of my family and coworkers.read more
Qiting Cen
Qiting Cen
01:00 29 Oct 19
I would not recommend this doctor. I went there for a follow up visit expecting professional level of service. Their system was down and the doctor couldn’t even remember why I was there. I was later charged a hefty amount for the read more
yassine regragui
yassine regragui
02:40 12 Oct 19
Excellent service and treatment. Very professional... The office staff is lovely and so helpful especially mona thank you...I recommend 100%read more
Toni Gerbino, Nutritionist
Toni Gerbino, Nutritionist
17:18 28 Aug 19
I love this practice. Both the Doctors are excellent and the staff is wonderful - I highly recommend them!!
Amanda Piccinich
Amanda Piccinich
21:33 13 Aug 19
I recently broke my ankle and decided to come here for treatment after reading the great reviews. Dr. Lazovik and staff are awesome and so accommodating! I am so happy I chose this place. Just after one visit, I can already tell how much this office cares for their patients.read more
Melissa Casasnovas
Melissa Casasnovas
04:33 06 Aug 19
Great doctor and wonderful staff. Highly recommend
Jackie Guerry
Jackie Guerry
19:40 29 Jul 19
We followed Dr. Lazovik from her old practice in South Jersey to her new practice Cliffside Park Foot & Ankle. She gives you her full attention and takes her time to answer all questions. She is a fantastic doctor! Highly recommend!!read more
richard guerry
richard guerry
14:55 29 Jul 19
Dr. Lazovik is an incredible doctor. I drive 90+ minutes because finding a specialist who knows what they are doing, with a fantastic attitude & genuine care for their patients is hard to come by. And in addition to first rate medical services provided, the customer service is also way above "standard". For example: Feeding my meter for me with their own quarters so my car was not ticketed. Highly Recommend this Doctor for the entire family.read more
Glenda Maldonado
Glenda Maldonado
20:48 23 Jul 19
Love this medical facility . Jenny at the reception desk and the other team member are So sweet ! Dr. Lazovik is awesome . She’s honest and sharp , and the entire team truly are all very caring . The offices have undergone renovation as well . Always parking available . Highly recommend !read more
Rob Grosch
Rob Grosch
22:11 22 Jul 18
P M
P M
01:43 17 Nov 17
The VERY BEST. Look no further. She is the Podiatrist for you.
Lydia Valencia
Lydia Valencia
20:38 09 Aug 17
I love Dr. Manno! A very concern doctor, the office staff very friendly. Nice atmosphere.
Bnoname Ranon
Bnoname Ranon
04:39 09 Aug 17
I give Dr. Manno and her staff the highest recommendation. Not only is Dr. Manno super professional, super kind, super experienced (you can tell she's seen everything), but the staff -- THE STAFF -- is incredible. I am an office manager as well, and I hope to be as good as Dr. Manno's staff is. The compassion, the attention, the courtesy -- blew my mind. All the awards.read more
Geri Iannaconi
Geri Iannaconi
13:04 19 Jun 17
Next Reviews

Recent articles

Call Now ButtonCall now