Diabetic Home Foot Care Guidelines

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Diabetes, or hyperglycemia, is abnormally high blood glucose. If blood sugar levels are not normalized in a diabetic, the body may have trouble fending off infections due to decreased functioning of the immune system. This can affect the feet in particular due to peripheral artery disease (lack of circulation) and peripheral neuropathy (loss of feeling).

Diabetes, or hyperglycemia, is abnormally high blood glucose. If blood sugar levels are not normalized in a diabetic, the body may have trouble fending off infections due to decreased functioning of the immune system. This can affect the feet in particular due to peripheral artery disease (lack of circulation) and peripheral neuropathy (loss of feeling).

As a result of diabetes, the feet may become susceptible to a host of problems, such as ulcers and wounds that do not heal properly, fungal infections, ingrown or brittle toenails, corns, calluses, hammertoes, athlete’s foot, and cracked or dry skin. Gangrene, or dead tissue, can develop, causing bacterial infections that may result in amputation of the affected areas. Everyday activities such as walking can cause issues in the feet of a diabetic, as the bones, joints, and skin are affected by the condition.

For the diabetic, proper and thorough foot care is imperative. Diabetics should check their feet daily for early detection of foot problems or injuries and follow up with a podiatric physician on a routine basis.

To avoid serious foot problems that could result in losing a toe, foot or leg, follow these guidelines.

Inspect your feet daily: Check for cuts, blisters, redness, swelling or nail problems. Use a magnifying hand mirror to look at the bottom of your feet. Call your doctor if you see anything abnormal.

Bathe feet in lukewarm, never hot, water: Use only lukewarm water—the temperature you would use on a newborn baby.

Moisturize your feet but not between your toes: Use a moisturizer daily to keep dry skin from itching or cracking. But don’t moisturize between the toes, it could lead to a fungal infection.

Cut nails carefully: Cut them straight across and file the edges. Don’t cut nails too short, as this could lead to ingrown toenails.

Never treat corns or calluses yourself. No “bathroom surgery” or medicated pads. Visit your doctor for appropriate treatment.

Consider socks made specifically for patients living with diabetes: These socks have extra cushioning, do not have elastic tops, and are made from fibers that wick moisture away from the skin.

Wear clean, dry socks: Change them daily.

Shake out your shoes and feel the inside before wearing: Your feet may not be able to feel a pebble or other foreign object, so always inspect your shoes before putting them on.

Never walk barefoot:  Not even at home! Always wear shoes or slippers. You could step on something and get a scratch or cut.

Take care of your diabetes: Keep your blood sugar levels under control.  Consider adopting a low carbohydrate diet.

Do not smoke. Smoking restricts blood flow in your feet.

Get periodic foot exams. Seeing your podiatric physician on a regular basis can help prevent the foot complications of diabetes.

Dr. Kenya Lazovik

Dr. Kenya Lazovik

Dr. Lazovik strives to provide high-quality care to her patients at Cliffside Park Foot and Ankle Center. She is trained to address a wide range of medical issues such as bunions, arthritis, heel pain, sports medicine, flat foot, diabetic foot care, and wound care. Her office is outfitted with digital x-ray and lasers used in the treatment of fungal nails and various soft tissue injuries as well as an affiliation with a state-of-the-art custom orthotics lab.

Leave a Replay

About Dr. Lazovik, DPM

Dr. Kenya Lazovik received her doctoral degree in podiatric medicine from the New York College of Podiatric Medicine and completed a podiatric residency training at St. John’s Episcopal Hospital in Queens. She is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, the American Podiatric Medical Association, and the New Jersey Podiatry Medical Society. She is double board certified by ABFAS for Foot & Ankle surgery and by ABMSP for Diabetic Foot Care.

See what our patients are saying about us:

Toni Gerbino, Nutritionist
Toni Gerbino, Nutritionist
17:18 28 Aug 19
I love this practice. Both the Doctors are excellent and the staff is wonderful - I highly recommend them!!
Amanda Piccinich
Amanda Piccinich
21:33 13 Aug 19
I recently broke my ankle and decided to come here for treatment after reading the great reviews. Dr. Lazovik and staff are awesome and so accommodating! I am so happy I chose this place. Just after one visit, I can already tell how much this office cares for their patients.read more
Melissa Casasnovas
Melissa Casasnovas
04:33 06 Aug 19
Great doctor and wonderful staff. Highly recommend
Jackie Guerry
Jackie Guerry
19:40 29 Jul 19
We followed Dr. Lazovik from her old practice in South Jersey to her new practice Cliffside Park Foot & Ankle. She gives you her full attention and takes her time to answer all questions. She is a fantastic doctor! Highly recommend!!read more
richard guerry
richard guerry
14:55 29 Jul 19
Dr. Lazovik is an incredible doctor. I drive 90+ minutes because finding a specialist who knows what they are doing, with a fantastic attitude & genuine care for their patients is hard to come by. And in addition to first rate medical services provided, the customer service is also way above "standard". For example: Feeding my meter for me with their own quarters so my car was not ticketed. Highly Recommend this Doctor for the entire family.read more
Glenda Maldonado
Glenda Maldonado
20:48 23 Jul 19
Love this medical facility . Jenny at the reception desk and the other team member are So sweet ! Dr. Lazovik is awesome . She’s honest and sharp , and the entire team truly are all very caring . The offices have undergone renovation as well . Always parking available . Highly recommend !read more
Rob Grosch
Rob Grosch
22:11 22 Jul 18
P M
P M
01:43 17 Nov 17
The VERY BEST. Look no further. She is the Podiatrist for you.
Lydia Valencia
Lydia Valencia
20:38 09 Aug 17
I love Dr. Manno! A very concern doctor, the office staff very friendly. Nice atmosphere.
Bnoname Ranon
Bnoname Ranon
04:39 09 Aug 17
I give Dr. Manno and her staff the highest recommendation. Not only is Dr. Manno super professional, super kind, super experienced (you can tell she's seen everything), but the staff -- THE STAFF -- is incredible. I am an office manager as well, and I hope to be as good as Dr. Manno's staff is. The compassion, the attention, the courtesy -- blew my mind. All the awards.read more
Geri Iannaconi
Geri Iannaconi
13:04 19 Jun 17
Next Reviews

Recent articles

Call Now ButtonCall now